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Growths

 

 

Many common growths develop on people's skin. While the cause is often poorly understood, it is known that some are associated with aging, and others are inherited. Benign (non-cancerous) lesions are not life threatening, but people often have these lesions removed for cosmetic reasons. A lesion may be removed for medical reasons if cancer is suspected. When a lesion bleeds or causes pain, inflammation, or irritation, it also is typically removed.

Dermatofibromas

Are hard papules (rounded bumps) that may appear in a variety of colors, usually brownish to tan.

Prurigo nodularis

Is a skin condition in which hard crusty lumps form on the skin that itch intensely. Prurigo nodularis may itch constantly, mostly at night, or only when a light brush of clothing sets off a round of severe itch.

Skin tags

Are small, benignbenign skin growths that usually occur after midlife and have a short narrow stalk connecting it to the surface of the skin. Tags are usually painless and do not grow or change; however they may be irritated from rubbing by clothing or other materials.

Pyogenic granulomas

Are skin lesions that can develop after an injury. They contain many blood vessels, and tend to bleed easily if bumped.

Epidermoid & Pilar Cysts

(Sebaceous Cysts) is a closed sac or cyst below the surface of the skin that has a lining and fills with a fatty white, semi-solid material called keratin, a protein component found in hair, nails, and skin.

Milia

Are tiny white bumps or small cysts on the skin. Milia occur when dead skin becomes trapped in small pockets at the surface of the skin.

Sebaceous hyperplasia

Is a disorder of the sebaceous glands in which they become enlarged. Producing yellow, shiny bumps on the face.

Digital Mucinous Pseudocyst

Is bluish in color and extrudes a clear, thick material when punctured. They most commonly occur on the terminal digits of the fingers or the skin overlying the base of the fingernail.

Lipomas

Are benign tumors composed of fatty tissue that are soft to the touch, usually movable, and are generally painless. Lipomas can be found on the torso, neck, upper thighs, upper arms, and armpits.

Xanthelasma

Is a sharply demarcated yellowish collection of cholesterol underneath the skin, usually on or around the eyelids.

Syringomas

Are benign sweat duct tumors , typically found clustered on eyelids, although they may also be found in the armpits, umbilicus or vulva.

Trichoepitheliomas

Are skin-colored lesions that can occur mostly on the face and neck. These tumors represent the body's attempt to form hair follicles and shafts.

Neurofibromas

Are tumors derived from Schwann cells, fibroblasts, and the supporting cells known as perineurial cells. They are benign but may be multiple. When multiple, one must consider the disease of Neurofibromatosis, an inherited disorder.

Cherry angiomas

Are cherry red papules on the skin that are made up of clusters of tiny capillaries at the surface of the skin, forming a small round dome papule, which may be flat topped. They range in color from bright red to purple.

Seborrheic keratosis

Also known as “Seborrheic verruca”, are common skin growths. These benign (non-cancerous) growths can occur almost anywhere on the skin. Some people get just one while others develop many.

Nevi (singular: nevus)

(moles) are the most common growths in humans. They can be present at birth or acquired throughout life. The incidence of nevi increases throughout childhood, peaks in adolescence, and typically wanes in older adulthood.

Warts

Are caused by a viral infection in the top layer of skin.  They are non-cancerous epidermal growths most often occurring on the hands and feet of an infected person.

Actinic keratosis

Is a premalignant condition of thick, scaly, or crusty patches of skin. It is more common in fair-skinned people. It is associated with those who are frequently exposed to the sun, as it is usually accompanied by solar damage.

Keratoacanthoma

Is a relatively common low-grade malignancy that originates in the pilosebaceous glands and closely resembles squamous cell carcinoma.

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)

Is the most common form of skin cancer, affecting approximately two million Americans each year. More than one out of every three new cancers are skin cancers, and the vast majority are basal cell carcinomas.

Squamous cell carcinoma (SSC)

Arises in the squamous cells that make up most of the skin’s upper layers (epidermis) and is the second most common skin cancer, after basal cell carcinoma.


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